If you’ve ever dealt with garden drainage, you’ve probably heard of French gutters, ditches, and other water collection methods. What does it all mean? What are the best drainage solutions for your drainage problem? This article describes the four most common types of garden drainage solutions. While some of these types of drainage can solve problems independently, they are often used in combination for a complete garden drainage system. The kind of vent (or combination of vents) you need depends on your situation. Many high-quality products are used in our drainage systems. You can visualize various wastewater products using the catch basins for sale service.
Sewage drainage is used to prevent the accumulation of water on surfaces. Sewage disposal prevents:
- Puddles formed by overflows;
- Water will not flow in the garage or inside the house;
- Collecting water from roads such as sidewalks and paths;
- Gutters are installed on the road, which catches water before it settles. An effective sewer drain directs the water flow to an appropriate drainage system after intercepting the water. A gutter is usually just one component that connects to the rest of the drainage system. This will prevent excess water from entering your home.
French gutters are a popular solution to garden drainage problems. Not all French drains are the same. Here are some specific details to consider when installing a French drain for your drainage system. How to install a French drain? The procedure for installing materials is as follows:
Soil – Geotextile fabric – Washed gravel – Perforated PVC pipe – Washed gravel – Geotextile fabric – Soil
First, a trench is dug, which is covered with geotextile. Geotextile is waterproof but at the same time repels dirt.
Put the washed gravel in the groove. Washed gravel is essential because it allows water to penetrate quickly and does not contain stone dust. Then insert the perforated pipe into the trench. (We prefer a rigid PVC pipe with a hole, and the spot should point down). Another layer of gravel is placed above the pipe. Finally, lay the geotextile on top of the stone and fill the rest of the space with soil. How does a French drain work? French gutters effectively divert water flow in areas where the soil is often saturated.
One possibility is that French sewers distribute water to dry wells. A dry well is believed to be similar to fragile bedding buried in the ground. Their purpose is to collect excess water until it naturally seeps into the ground. Most dry wells hold about 50 gallons of water and have small holes that allow water to flow out slowly. Like the French drainage installation above, the dry well is surrounded by washed gravel and geotextile.
A garden drain is also known as a cesspool. As the name suggests, the purpose of this drainage channel is to “hold” excess surface water and drain it back into the watershed, acting as a sewer that carries water away from the watershed via a sloped pipe. Garden drains can solve simple drainage problems or be part of a more extensive overall drainage system.
Surface drainage is a proven method that creates comfortable conditions for people to live without the formation of mold and fungus on the walls of the basement. In addition, the drainage system allows you to forget about ice and puddles, which are the leading cause of injuries in extreme weather conditions. An additional “plus” when choosing modern components for surface drainage is the ease of assembly and durability. With regular maintenance, your drainage system will function reliably for decades. The main thing is to choose the right type of drainage, choose high-quality components and follow the technical rules when installing the system. The classification of drainage systems by type is carried out according to the method of removing excess moisture from the site’s surface. The first two are considered the most popular in low-rise construction.
A linear system is a system of placed elements with a surface at an angle to the well – a point of protection. Supplementing such drainage with sand traps is customary to protect the system from small debris and protective and decorative grates. This ensures that the drainage of the line will not interfere with traffic or pedestrian traffic and will blend organically with the existing landscape style. The advantage of linear drainage is that the system can efficiently remove large amounts of wastewater. This form is successfully used on objects with high traffic intensity, industrial objects, warehouses, and single-family houses. A point system is a system of rain collectors for collecting moisture and underground pipes that drain wastewater into the sewer. Be careful! In practice, there is a need for point drainage as an alternative to linear drainage if the installation of a linear system is technically difficult or unprofitable. The location of the rain receiver in the catchment area depends on local conditions and the purpose of the system. A volumetric method comprises sand, gravel, geogrids, geotextiles, and earth. The main advantage of such drainage is that the soil absorbs moisture well and retains its natural looseness, and excess water is diverted to the lower levels. A popular field of application is the protection of lawns, playgrounds, gardens, and parks from excessive moisture.
When choosing the type of surface drainage, one should consider the system’s purpose and the drained area’s individual characteristics and minimize the destructive effect of excess water on the root system of plants and supporting parts of the building. The durability and reliability of key components are critical to the efficient operation of the drainage system. Therefore, we advise you to approach the selection of surface drainage elements responsibly and consider the advice of professionals. When choosing the main parts, the load class should be regarded as pallet and rain receiver. The material used for the tray is a property that depends not only on the system’s performance but also on the budget. The concrete elements are fixed with steel or cast-iron grids and equipped with fastening systems that reduce the risk of accidental displacement during operation. Among their other advantages are high strength, self-cleaning, moisture resistance, the possibility of drainage in rooms with increased mechanical loads (90 tons), and low cost. Plastic ones are lighter, easier to install, more robust, have smoother walls, and have better fluidity. It is not recommended to use them in places with increased loads. Manufacturers of polymer concrete combine all the advantages of concrete and plastic and provide some strength and resistance to aggressive environments, abrasion, and dynamic and static influences. The only drawback is the high cost of polymer composite panels. Concrete and plastic elements of appropriate quality are suitable for moisture protection with a limited budget.